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Descendants of --- de Presbyter (Prester/de Praers).

Generation No. 16

16. JOHNATHAN16 PRATHER (THOMAS15 PRATHER/PRATER, THOMAS PRATER14 (GENTLEMAN), ANTHONY THOMAS PRATER13, GEORGE PRATER12 (ESQUIRE), JOHN PRATER11, WILLIAM PRATER (ESQUIRE) (DE10 PRAERS?), --- PRATER (DE PREERS /9 PRAERS), --- PRATER (DE8 PREERS/PRAERS), --- PRATER (DE7 PRAERS?), --- PRATER (DE6, --- PRATER (PRETOR) (DE5, ROBERTUS PRETOR (PRATER) (DE4, WILLIAMUS PRETOR (PRATER/DE3 PRAERS), GUILLIUMUS (WILLIAMUS) JOHONNIE2 PRATER, --- DE PRESBYTER (PRESTER/DE1 PRAERS).) was born Abt. 1630 in Elizabeth Citties Co., Virginia, and died Bef. August 01, 1680 in Calvert Co., Maryland. He married LYLE JANE MCKAY September 12, 1666 in Prather Hall. She was born Abt. 1638 in Virginia, and died 1713 in Brookfield Pantation, Prince George, Maryland.

Elizabeth Citties Co., Virginia is now Norfolk, Virginia

Jonathan was born in Va. and later moved to Maryland ca. 1652/58. His name is recorded in several documents and we find it spelled several different ways. As example, he assigned land he owned, which stated it was land owned by Jonathan Prether but when he signed the document he signed: Jonathan Prater. He is also recorded in other such documents as Prater, Prator, Prether, Praither and Prather. Such was the level of education in those days, most people "sounded out" the spelling, and then spelled that way. We find the names Prater and Prather the most commonly used in documents concerning Jonathan.

When Jonathan died his wife remarried to John Smith, a very wealthy Planter. He was very good to Jonathans children and when he died he willed them a Plantation he called "
Orphans Gift" which was located near the city of St. Mary in Maryland. John Smith's will was proved 13 Oct. 1707. Jane(Prather) Smith's Will was proved 7th Dec., 1713.

We thought for years that "Jane" was a Goldsmith, daughter of George Goldsmith but now know she was Lyle Jane McKay. She was raised by the Goldsmiths.

Jonathan Prathers Coat-of-Arms was registered with the College of Heraldry and has proven to be the continueing and long established "Prater Family" whose ancestrial estates were located on Eaton Water, in the County of Wiltshire, England. The Eaton Water Estates include Latton Manor, Inglesham Manor which are located along the head waters of the Thames River North of Swindon, Wiltshire, England. Jonathan used the "Prater" coat-of-arms on some of his documents. Several other docucments were also found. Below are examples of some of the documents we have found:

MSS. (preserved in the State Paper Dept. of Her Majesty's Public Record Office, Eng.) "Muster Rolls of the Settlers of Va.".

21 Aug. 1680 Inventory of Estate of Jonathan Prather, dec'd. appraised by Jn. Mils and Robt.Clark.
6 Oct. 1658 Jonathan and settled on his land at the Potomac River.
12 Nov. 1658 Jonathan Prator demandeth Warrant agst. Cornelius Kennede warrant to the Sheriff of Calvert Co.
1 Apr. 1680 Jonathan Prater serving as Juror at Resurrection Manor, in Calvert Co., Maryland.

Ref. Liber Folio 302, Maryland Provencial Records, Land Office, Annapolis, Md.
Jonathan Prather was transported by water from Virginia up Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac River to Swan Crk. then to Calvert Co., Md. (now Pr.George Co.) with four men and one other woman; Alexander Forcarson, Robert MacKay & wife, Wm. Woodrose, Wm. Mill and Wm. Jones, in a small vessel owned by young George Reed of Calvert Co., Md. We suspect that the "other woman" was Lyle Jane Mackay, sister of Rbt. Vol. I, p.35 "Calendar of Wills - Maryland "

Jonathan Prather and wife Jane, on Swan Crk., built their home on their estate they called "Prather Hall Plantation". Arrived Md. 6 Oct., 1658. They did not live there long and disposed of it to George Gouldsmith, who in his Will of Apr. 1666, bequeathed Prather Hall to his daughter, Mary Gouldsmith. This "Prather Hall" was located near present site of Ft. Washington, near what became Swan Crk. Rd. on the Potomac River. (about 10 miles south of the present Capitol Bldg., Washington D.C.)
Notes from Gary B. Prather:

Many earlier searchers have claimed that Jonathan was born in England but these were assumptions made by people who were involved in the "early" research of our family before the research was more complete.

It was also reported that Jonathan Prather and Thomas Prater (the father of Jonathan ) were not of the same family... But even these earlier researchers have stated that Jonathan was from Latton, Wiltshire and Thomas was from Eaton Water, Wiltshire. Little did they know that these two places are in fact the same estate. Eaton Water, Latton Manor, Inglesham Manor all adjoining one another and owned by John Prater in 1547 and later his son George who died in 1564. Their property was so vast that it borderd three county lines in Nothern Wiltshire.
"Eaton Water" was located in the area known today as Eaton Hastings Lechlade/Inglesham and also included Latton Manor which is located about one mile up river. All of these Manors are located along the bank of the Thames River in North Central Wiltshire. (About 4 miles North of Swindon). I have spent many a wonderful evening visiting and exploring this part of England and still find myself returning again, year after year.
In the time of our forfathers, England was the worlds supplier of wool and woolen goods. While England was the supplier of wool, it was Flanders that converted the greatest amount of this wool into products, using their great weaving houses and world market connections.
The Thames River was very important to the family, because it supported the primary family business, the woolen trade. They used the river waters to wash and process the wool and then transport it down river to the ports of London. This was only one of many businesses the family was involved in. Today the village (manor) of Lechlade has grown and is a beautiful village with its sidewalk shops, tea rooms and a large church of a later period. Inglesham was much larger than Lechlade when John Prater lived there in 1547, and now "old Inglesham" only has the church to remind us that the village even existed. ("new Inglesham" has about 6 houses and is located about one mile south of the Inglesham of Johns Praters day..).
At Eaton Hastings, only the old church and "Ferry House" remain to remind us that a village once stood there. The north side no longer exists. Lord Hastings came into possession of southern part of Eaton village and it became known as Eaton Hastings, while the "old Eaton Water" no longer exists. He built a beautiful Manor home on the foundation of the old abot house which sat next to the church. Lord Hastings later decided that he did not approve of the location of the old church because it obstructed his view of the Thames River, so he had the church moved stone by stone and reconstructed about 50 yards west of its original location.
The local residents (which most likely included members of the Prater family) were upset with Lord Hastings "for fear for the souls of their ancestors buried in the floor of the old church", thus they proceded to take Lord Hastings from his home and "stuffed him down his well, drowning him". There were several hundred years of Prater ancestors that lay under the floor of that old church at Eaton Hastings but today they lay in what is now the flower garden of the Hasting Manor House at Eaton Hastings.
I had coffee with the present residents of the old Eaton Hastings Manor House and to my supprise they were totally unaware that the church had ever been moved, but they did exclaim, "that explains why our gardener finds an odd bone now and then!" (Such is British humor)
Latton Manor is the most beautiful of what remains of our family manors which sat on Eaton Water, on the Criklade of North Wiltshire. I spent several nights in Latton Manor, sleeping in one of the homes that stood during the time that George Prater lived there (d.1564). George Prater is buried under the floor (3rd. Isle 7 Row) of the church of Latton Manor, Wiltshire.
Latton has been in existence since before Roman occupation of England (A.D.64) and Roman villa ruins can be found there today. It is a small beautiful, quiet village with only about a dozen houses and the church remaining. Some homes have the old style grass roofs.
We now know that Jonathan was born near Newport News, Va. and was the son of Thomas (Prater) Prather of "Eaton Water, Wiltshire, England" who landed in Elizabeth Citties, Va. in 1622. Thomas was between 18 and 20 years old when he came to America.

Thomas was Born at Eaton Water, on the Criklade, Northern Wiltshire 1602/4. His son Jonathan was his heir in America. Jonathan Prather's estate was valued at 13,750 pounds at his death. Jonathan and his wife Jane, lived in their home near the present site of Ft. Washington on the Potomac River, Swan Creek Road, about 10 miles due south of the U.S. Capital Building. It was called "Prather Hall".


Inventories & Accounts, Liber & C. ff 237/8 Hall of Records, Maryland.

Jonathan Prather died without a Will:
Inventory of goods and Chattles of Jonathan Prather appraised by Jno Mils and Robt Clark Aug. ye 21th 1680.

4 cows + calves att 700 pounds sterling apice.
1 cow with a calv
1 Mare 4 yars ould
3 Heiffers 1 Bull 3 year old
5 Yarlings att 150 apiece
1 old Mare with a hors colt
1 Young Mare 3 yar old
1 Saddle hors of 5 yar old
3 Sows 5 Barrows 2 Boars & 5 Piggs
A parcell of putr with a prcell tinn saucpans
A boxed Iron with 2 heatrs

An old Flock bed with a Bolster 2 blankitts-
& a Rugg & a bedstad. 300

An old dedstad with a bolster 2 blankitts &
a pillow all old. 150

An old woodn couch & a woodn cubboard, 2 woodn
chairs, I tray, 2 woodn plattrs 250

1 chs fatt 10
2 smll Butter potts 10
1 Iron pestle 25
1 old gun 150
1 Grinding Ston 60
2 Iron potts & an Iron Kettle 120
1 Smll Chest 50
1 hand saw, 1 chisll, 1 Goudge, 1 Curbb Briddle,
1 rest all old. 120

200 lbs. of tobacco due upon accot.
to this Estate from Bryan Crowle 137.50

JnO Mils (seal)
Robt Clark (seal)

No records have been found giving an inventory & accounts of his lands and/or slaves.

Jane MacKay Prathers Will leaves the remainder of her land in England to her 14 grandchildren. Her will was written Dec,, 1713 and is on file at the Hall of Records in Annapolis, MD.

After the death of Jonathan Prather, Jane remarried to John Smith a wealthy Scottsman and they lived on a plantation named "Brookfield" which was located on the Patuxent River about 7 miles from Upper Marlboro, MD. John Smith's will was written on 3 Sept., 1707 and was proved on 23 Sept., 1707 in Prince George Co., MD. (Pr.Geo.Co. Wills Liberl ff3O-2). property as dowery from George Goldsmith where he later built "Prathers Hall". Jane was on the ship when Jonathan went up the Potomac from Va. to Md. She was listed as "one other woman". His wife was Lyle Jane MacKay and they were married at Jonathans home, "Prather Hall" on or before 12 Sept., 1666. Lyle Jane MacKay stayed with George Gouldsmiths family for a time as a young girl. They may have raised her for several years. (The will of G.Goldsmith)

Occupation: Resurrection Plantation





WILLIAM NATHAN17 PRATHER I, b. 1670, Calvert Co., Maryland; d. 1747, Calvert Co., Maryland.






JONATHAN PRATHER II, b. September 12, 1666, Calvert Co., Maryland; d. March 20, 1736, Prince George Co. Maryland.






GEORGE (PRATER) PRATHER, b. 1668, Calvert Co., Maryland; d. July 29, 1698, Prince George Co. Maryland.






THOMAS M. PRATHER, b. Abt. 1673, Calvert Co., Maryland; d. Abt. 1712, Prince George Co. Maryland.






JOHN PRATHER, b. 1676, Calvert Co., Maryland; d. December 20, 1718, Prince George Co. Maryland.






JANE PRATHER, b. Bet. 1678 - 1680, Prince George Co. Maryland.






ELIZABETH PRATHER, b. 1680, Prince George Co. Maryland.

Page 19 of 432

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